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knitting gauges, weaving setts and other properties of our yarns

Richard Lawn 14/02/2007 3:16 pm

All of our yarns are listed with their NM number to describe their yardage. This number states how many metres of yarn will come from 1 gram weight, so for example a single ply 1/28 yarn will give 28 metres per gram whilst 2/28s we will give half that (because it is twice as thick). The table below gives the yardage, needle sizes and stitches per inch. All this info came from customers (thanks to them!) and obviously there is a range depending on personal preference.

Click on the title above to see the rest of this....

ColourMart Weight NM (or Tex) Yards per 150g cone (approx) Needle size, stocking stitch Needle size, lace US Crochet hook size Gauge (4"/10cm) Similar yarn suggestion
lace 1/14 or 2/28 (or 70 Tex ) 2,300 Many people use several strands of this together for hand knitting US 2-5, 2.5-3.75mm, old UK 12-9 8 or 9 32 - 36 -
heavy lace 3/28 1,550 Many people use 2 or 3 strands of this together for hand knitting US 4-6, 2.75-3.25mm, old UK 10-8   30 - 34 --
4 ply 2/14 (or 140 Tex ) 1,150 US 0-1, 2-2.75mm, old UK 14-12 US 5-7, 3.75-4.5mm, old UK 9-7 B/1 28 - 32 -
fingering 3/14 (or 50/140 Tex) 770 US 3-5, 3-3.75mm, old UK 11-9 US 8-9, 5.5-6mm, old UK 6-4 C/2 24 - 28 -
doubleknit (dk) 4/14 (or 140/140 Tex) 570 US 5-6, 3.75-4mm, old UK 9-8 - D/3 20 - 24 -
aran 8/14 285 US 7-8, 4.5-5mm, old UK 7-6 - - - -
chunky 12/14 190 US 8-10, 5-6mm, old UK 6-4 - - - -

Roughly, 300-350g of the laceweight or 4ply should make a pullover and 700g should be enough for a twinset - thicker yarns will need extra weight for the same garment so for example a dk weight pullover might need 500g. Amounts below 200g are better for scarves, gloves, baby clothes etc.

We would always suggest experimenting with a swatch first. In particular this yarn is made up for industrial knitting, which means it is still lightly oiled as sold so it fluffs up considerably after a gentle hand or machien wash. Normally you would wash the garment after completion but the difference this makes means it is also a good idea to wash your test swatch in the same manner you plan for the garment to see the final effect. Another reason for trying a swatch is if you are knitting the singles yarns (eg 1/14 Nm as opposed to 2/28Nm, same thickness but first is a singles yarn) you should expect some bias effects from the unbalanced twist. These yarns are produced for knitting, even the singles, so the effect is mild but should be checked.

Most customers use the 1/14s or 2/28s for machine knitting, hand-knitters either buy the thicker yarns or wind strands of 2/28s together themselves.

This yarn is stronger than most cashmere and does not have a great deal of elasticity, so it is recommended that all ribs are knitted tightly or they will stretch in wear.

COLOURMART CASHMERE EPI SETT CHART

x.5 x.67
Maximum
UPHOLSTRY CLOTHING WOOLENS SHAWLS/SCARVES PRODUCTION
x.9 x.90 x.60 X.70 X.60 x.70 X.65 x.50 X.60 X.50 x.60 X.80
N M ypp sqrt wpi Tabby Twill Tabby Twill Tabby Tabby Twill Twill Tabby Twill Tabby Tabby Twill Twill Tabby Twill
1 4 4 2000 45 40 20 27 18 24 12 14 16 26 13 18 10 12 13 16 16 22
1 5 5 2500 50 45 23 30 20 27 14 16 18 29 15 20 11 14 15 18 18 24
1 6 6 3000 55 49 25 33 22 30 15 17 20 32 16 21 12 15 17 20 20 26
1 7 7 3500 59 53 27 36 24 32 16 19 21 35 17 23 13 16 18 21 21 29
1 8 8 4000 63 57 28 38 26 34 17 20 23 37 18 25 14 17 19 23 23 31
1 10 10 5000 71 64 32 43 29 38 19 22 26 42 21 28 16 19 21 26 25 34
1 11 11 5500 74 67 33 45 30 40 20 23 27 44 22 29 17 20 22 27 27 36
1 13 13 6500 81 73 36 49 33 44 22 25 29 48 24 32 18 22 24 29 29 39
1 14 14 7000 84 75 38 50 34 45 23 26 30 50 24 33 19 23 25 30 30 40
1 17 17 8500 92 83 41 56 37 50 25 29 33 55 27 36 21 25 28 33 33 44
1 28 28 14000 118 106 53 71 48 64 32 37 43 71 35 46 27 32 36 43 43 57
2 7 4 1750 42 38 19 25 17 23 11 13 15 25 12 16 9 11 13 15 15 20
2 8 4 2000 45 40 20 27 18 24 12 14 16 26 13 18 10 12 13 16 16 22
2 12 6 3000 55 49 25 33 22 30 15 17 20 32 16 21 12 15 17 20 20 26
2 13 7 3250 57 51 26 34 23 31 15 18 21 34 17 22 13 15 17 21 21 28
2 14 7 3500 59 53 27 36 24 32 16 19 21 35 17 23 13 16 18 21 21 29
2 15 8 3750 61 55 28 37 25 33 17 19 22 36 18 24 14 17 18 22 22 30
2 18 9 4500 67 60 30 40 27 36 18 21 24 40 20 26 15 18 20 24 24 32
2 20 10 5000 71 64 32 43 29 38 19 22 26 42 21 28 16 19 21 26 25 34
2 28 14 7000 84 75 38 50 34 45 23 26 30 50 24 33 19 23 25 30 30 40
2 36 18 9000 95 85 43 57 38 51 26 30 34 57 28 37 21 26 29 34 34 46
2 42 21 10500 102 92 46 62 42 56 28 32 37 61 30 40 23 28 31 37 37 49
2 45 23 11250 106 95 48 64 43 58 29 33 38 63 31 42 24 29 32 38 38 51
2 46 23 11500 107 97 48 65 43 58 29 34 39 64 31 42 24 29 32 39 39 52
2 52 26 13000 114 103 51 69 46 62 31 36 41 68 33 45 26 31 34 41 41 55
2 60 30 15000 122 110 55 74 50 66 33 39 44 73 36 48 28 33 37 44 44 59
2 72 36 18000 134 121 60 81 54 73 36 42 49 80 39 53 30 36 40 49 48 65
3 13 4 2167 47 42 21 28 19 25 13 15 17 27 14 18 10 13 14 17 17 22
3 15 5 2500 50 45 23 30 20 27 14 16 18 29 15 20 11 14 15 18 18 24
3 20 7 3333 58 52 26 35 23 31 16 18 21 34 17 23 13 16 17 21 21 28
3 26 9 4333 66 59 30 40 27 36 18 21 24 39 19 26 15 18 20 24 24 32
3 28 9 4667 68 61 31 41 28 37 18 22 25 40 20 27 15 18 21 25 25 33
3 36 12 6000 77 70 35 47 31 42 21 24 28 46 23 30 17 21 23 28 28 37